7 THINGS TO CONSIDER WHILE PREPARING AN EFFECTIVE SOFTWARE TESTING PLAN
An effective software testing plan is essential to deliver a quality software application. But the QA lead has to consider several factors to make the software testing plan comprehensive and effective. Along with following an organized approach, the QA lead also needs to consider the scope of testing, test objectives, risk identification, metrics to assess the test results, and schedule of test execution. At the same time, the professional also needs enhance the test coverage by overcoming the constraints related to time and resources. So the project managers must explore ways to prepare a software testing plan.
7 SIMPLE TRICKS TO MAKE YOUR SOFTWARE TESTING PLAN MORE EFFECTIVE
1) TEST EARLY AND FREQUENTLY
A business can always reduce the defect turnaround time significantly by testing the software early and frequently. It is always a good idea to switch from conventional waterfall testing to agile testing. In an agile environment, programmers and testers work as a single team. The constant collaboration between the programmers and testers result in quick and efficient defect turnaround. Likewise, a software application must be tested frequently and throughout various phases of development to function flawlessly.
2) DIVIDE THE PROJECT INTO SMALL FUNCTIONAL MODULES
The project manager must divide the entire project into small functional modules. Each functional module will cover specific features or functionality of the application. The small modules will make it easier for the project manager to understand and track test coverage more efficiently. However, the manager must clearly understand the test coverage to create functional modules based on specific features or functionality. Further, he can divide each module into small logical parts, and allow testers to write test scripts for these logical parts.
3) EFFECTUATE TEST CASE DEVELOPMENT
A project manager can easily effectuate development of test cases by identifying the testable requirements of the project. Once the testable requirements are defined, the testers can easily develop test cases during the design and requirement phases of the project. Further, they can easily write both positive and negative test cases to cover all behaviour of the application. The positive test cases will cover the expected behaviour, while the negative test cases will cover the unexpected behaviour. However, it is also important for the manager to deploy experienced programmers to create elaborate test cases.
4) IDENTIFY THE RIGHT METRICS FOR ASSESSING TEST RESULTS
An effective software testing plan must use the right metrics to monitor and assess the quality objectives. The QA lead must explore ways to document, track, measure, and review the quality objectives throughout the software development life cycle. At the same time, he also needs to pick the most appropriate metrics to review and assess the quality objectives effectively. It is always important for the QA lead to pick metrics that are simple to execute. Also, he needs to pick a variety of metrics to cover various aspects of the project. The manager can always consider using some of the commonly used metrics like schedules, quality, resources,rework and size.
5) CUSTOM TEST ENVIRONMENT
The software testing plan must aim to create a custom test environment by replicating the production environment exactly. Based on the specific requirements of the project, the test environment must include the most appropriate test automation tools and systems with customized configuration. However, the managers must keep the testing environment separated from the production environment, along with preventing developers from accessing the test environment. The testers must have exclusive access to the test environment to find and control the missing components.
6) FOCUS ON TASK ALLOCATION
An effective software testing plan must focus on allocating tasks to the most competent professionals. The project manager must keep in mind a number of factors to allocate each task to the right professional including test schedule, size of the testing team, and expertise of individual testers. He can further effectuate task allocation by preparing a detailed skill chart of all members. However, he also needs to ensure that each member clearly understands the nature and objectives of the tasks assigned to him.
7) EMPHASIZE ON EFFECTIVE BUG REPORTING
A number of studies have highlighted the direct impact of the quality of bug reports on the defect turnaround time. The programmers need precise, clear and detailed information about the bugs identified by the testers to get them fixed quickly and efficiently. The testers can further reduce the defect turnaround time drastically by reproducing various bugs identified during the testing process. The testing plan can further recommend testers to use predefined templates to report the bugs in a more effective way.
However, a single software testing plan cannot be used for assessing the quality of multiple software applications. It is always important for the QA lead to customize the testing plan according to the nature and specific requirements of individual applications. Also, he needs to facilitate smooth and constant communication between the testers and programmers to get the bugs or defects in the software fixed in a quick and efficient way.